There are 15 linkage points in the whole system.

Four for the lower front swingarms – three for the upper front swingarm. You’ll find five points in the scissor-link steering mechanism (as per conventional scissor link).

There are three bearing positions for the steering axis, one in hub centre, one above the front wheel and one at the headstock.

The system incorporates a virtual kingpin from the bottom of the wheel (contact patch) through the steering-axle kingpin (inside the front hub) to a point above the wheel. This is unique to the Motoinno TS³ making it extremely stable and safe, while giving the rider added feedback from the wheel to the handlebars.

The patented configuration of the Motoinno TS³ technology addresses and overcomes all the problems associated with steered stanchion, telescopic, girder forks, alternate steering systems and previous HCS steering systems while creating an advanced, highly tune-able and more compliant front end.

There are two offset parallelogram swingarms on the front that keep rake and trail geometry constant through suspension travel and also allow the inbuilt pro-dive (fully adjustable dial-in anti-dive), while braking forces are directed through the horizontal plane of the lower swingarm to the engine.

So, if you look at the side-on image of the front of the bike, draw a triangle from the front axle to the pivot point below the front shock, then up to the steering head lower pivot point and back down to the axle, you will see this triangulated strength – thus the “TS³” – Triangulated Steering & Suspension System.


Today’s steered suspension designs sit at a historical point in time – they can no longer evolve past our increased knowledge, understanding of motorcycle dynamics, our use of advanced materials and our ever increasing use of compensatory digital technology.


Unique to the Motoinno TS³ technology, the suspension arms form an adjustable offset parallelogram which, together with its highly stable triangulated steering mechanism and virtual kingpin, stabilises the front wheel – from the ground contact patch (‘the tyre braking point’) to the top of the wheel (an added secure and stable point along the steering axis) – and ensures that the Motoinno TS³ maintains constant and stable steering geometry over the full range of its suspension travel and tuning capabilities. This, in turn, leads to consistency in the motorcycle’s handling characteristics under bump, braking, cornering and acceleration to create a safer and more compliant motorcycle without any corner lean, limited lock to lock steering issues or destructive front end oscillation harmonic forces.

The constant front-end geometry of the technology, even when braking hard on the angle, means it has optimum stability yet maintains a superior level of feel.

The Motoinno Moto2 race motorcycle has been designed, built and empirically tested to be the next generation in the development of a safer, more stable, fully adjustable and totally compliant motorcycle.


Here’s where the TS3 technology comes into its own.

The Motoinno TS³ technology is the only system that has a virtual king pin that starts at the contact patch of the tyre, travels through the hub centre, along the steering axis, and ends above the front wheel. The whole system is perfectly triangulated from the wheel axle back to the suspension arms and then to a point above the front wheel, making it incredibly strong and reducing any chance of oscillation harmonics from the wheel, or the king pin, to almost zero. 

Motorcycle Innovation

Combine this with its separated steering from suspension and offset parallelogram swing arms, that keep rake and trail geometry constant throughout the suspension travel, and the inbuilt pro-dive/anti-dive and rake and trail adjustment capabilities, and you have a pretty impressive front end platform without any corner lean issues inherent in previous HCS systems.Motorcycle Innovation


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